In the 1790s, nearly thirty years before the creation of the first permanent photograph, Thomas Wedgwood experimented with “obtain[ing] and fix[ing] the shadows of objects” 1 on surfaces prepared with a silver nitrate solution. Even though his attempts were successful and images were recorded, he was unable to make them permanent. None of Wedgwood’s photographic attempts survive to this day. As Geoffrey Batchen states, his photographs were “truly palimpsests, an absent inscription that is also present (at least in memory), a presence (a blackened surface) inhabited by absence.”
It has often been stated that as an indexical image, photographs of objects or persons have “a ghostly, uncanny presence….likened to the return of the dead.” In White Dress, the ghostly dress serve as a “second grave” where only the bones remain. It features a dress rising out of a box of rib bones. The missing figure and its possible narrative is evoked through clothing and the skeletal remains left behind. The piece further reiterates the ideas of presence and absence through the crochet patterns covering the ribs, created through networks of positive and negative spaces.
In Rib Box and Teeth Boxes, natural and artificial remains are collected into wooden boxes. Rib Box comprises six ribs which are delicately separated, tied together in pairs, and are carefully laid on a bed of blue stitched fabric – evoking a special connection with the objects. The Teeth Boxes contain porcelain clay teeth, obsessively made, accumulated and clustered together, which far exceeds the possibility of coming from any single referent. Taken together, these two pieces call into question the quantity and quality of collecting memories.
In Handkerchief, traces of blood are preserved by embroidering over them, creating a palimpsest of natural and artificial materials. The handkerchief, an inherently personal item, is made even more intimate by the presence of the past owner’s blood. Through embroidery, these stains have been articulated and are now only visible through the overlaid representation.